Alcheo Dossen - the genius of fakes. Poor and miserable

Alcheo Dossen - the genius of fakes. Poor and miserable

The story of this amazing man who created brilliant fakes for the love of art, began in 1876 in the Italian city of Cremona. It's funny, but the once-famous violin makers Amati and Stradivari were born there. Dossa also tried to make violins, but he didn’t work with musical instruments. Therefore, the young man got a job as a stonecutter and, until the age of 37, sculpted gravestones.

In order to escape from the clutches of poverty, Dossen left his native city and went to Rome. But a year later, the First World War began, and Alcheo was called to the front. He served as an airfield attendant and in his free time he made crafts. Somehow he made a small ceramic relief in the Renaissance style with the image of the Madonna and the Holy Infant, who burned it in a soldier’s stove and polished it. And before Christmas in 1916, having gone on a short vacation, he took it with him, hoping to sell it.

In Rome, Dossen offered his relief to an innkeeper, and he brought it in touch with the familiar antiquary Alfredo Fazoli. In order to fill the price, Alcheo did not admit that he was the author of the relief, but declared that he had found him in a crushed church. Phasols arranged this explanation, and without much questioning he laid out a hundred lire for the little thing. For those times - good money. And they brought Alcheo into a real thrill.

Having demobilized in 1919 and returning to Rome, Doss found the antique dealer, reminded him of their last meeting and said that he still had some things made of stone found in the destroyed temple. However, Alfredo quickly realized that they were trying to cheat him, but did not turn to law enforcement officers. He realized that before him - a chance to get rich fabulously. Therefore, he enlisted the help of his colleague Palaisey, who was well versed in sculpture, and offered Alcheo a deal. Work has begun to boil.

In the workshop on the outskirts of Rome, Dossen created sculptures in the style of ancient masters and artificially aged them. And Fazoli and Palezi were engaged in promoting his work in the antiques market. And they did it very successfully. For the first statue made by Dossena, they paid him 200 lire, and sold fifteen times more.

First, fakes were issued for the work of unknown artists, and then for the works of famous sculptors. Passed through the hands of Fasoli and Palaise, the works of Dossa began to decorate the halls of famous museums. Thus, in the New York Metropolitan Museum, a sculpture appeared supposedly by the Greek master of the 6th century BC; in the museum of St. Louis - the Etruscan Diana, in Cleveland - the archaic Athena, in Vienna - the pediment of Veli. And the world's leading experts confirmed their historical value and age.

The most interesting thing is that the master himself could barely make ends meet, working for the love of art. Phasols and Palezi kept him in a black body. It all ended tragically. In 1927, Dossen's wife, Maria, died. And the master, who creates sculptures at a price almost worth his weight in gold, did not have the money to bury his wife. Alcheo went to Fazoli and asked him for a deposit for future work. The antiquary not only did not give money, but in sharp expressions put the applicant behind the door.

Therefore, the 51-year-old sculptor went to journalists who were extremely interested in his story. They immediately called Alcheo a genius of fakes and began to dig out what collections his works were in. The scandal has turned out all over the world.

The authoritative American antiquarian Jacob Hirsch, who acquired the statue of Athena from Fazoli for the Cleveland Museum, decided to allow it. To prove that archaic Athena came out from under his chisel, Dosssen led Hirsch to his workshop, described in detail the process of creating the sculpture to him, and presented the marble hand of the goddess, who himself had beaten off at the statue.

When the falsification of historical values ​​was established, the case of the Dossen sculptures went to court. Alcheo court acquitted. But the servants of Themis did not see fraud on the part of Fazoli and Paleza either. The age of the sculptures was not determined by them, but by museum experts.

Now Dossen was selling sculptures under his own name. In the wake of a scandal, exhibitions of Alcheo's works were organized in Naples, Berlin, Munich, Cologne. But the new models with its brand were not in great demand. He sold the entire collection for only 9 thousand dollars, whereas earlier one sculpture went for 150 thousand.

And in 1937, Doss died in his workshop in Rome. Beggar and no one needed.

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  • Alcheo Dossen - the genius of fakes. Poor and miserable

    Alcheo Dossen - the genius of fakes. Poor and miserable

    Alcheo Dossen - the genius of fakes. Poor and miserable

    Alcheo Dossen - the genius of fakes. Poor and miserable

    Alcheo Dossen - the genius of fakes. Poor and miserable

    Alcheo Dossen - the genius of fakes. Poor and miserable

    Alcheo Dossen - the genius of fakes. Poor and miserable

    Alcheo Dossen - the genius of fakes. Poor and miserable

    Alcheo Dossen - the genius of fakes. Poor and miserable

    Alcheo Dossen - the genius of fakes. Poor and miserable

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