All you wanted to know about the kilt, but hesitate to ask
Kilt - the traditional clothing of the Highlanders of Scotland - is the national pride of the country. In ancient times, this woolen piece of clothing, resembling a skirt, served an important function: the color of the ornament determined the identity of a person to one of the oldest clans. Now the colors - the so-called tartans - have become, of course, much more. Among them there is a special Russian tartan. Only it, if you follow the tradition, we can wear with you.
Scottish kilt is made of a special fabric - tartan, woven from natural wool. In our usual sense, a kilt looks almost the same as a pleated skirt, but in the Middle Ages its length could be up to seven meters. If necessary, they could wrap the whole body to protect themselves from the cold.
The word “tartan” is of Celtic origin and is translated as “the color of the terrain”. Initially tartans (ornaments,and not cloth) belonged to eleven Scottish clans inhabiting various regions of the country, and were created in strict accordance with the laws of heraldry. Therefore, the color of the pattern made it easy to determine where the person came from.
The earliest depiction of Scottish soldiers in kilts, 1631 woodcut.
Up to the 19th century, only natural dyes were used to dye tartan threads. From the alder they got a black shade, from birch - yellow, heather gave the threads an orange color, blueberries - purple, blackberries - blue. Red tartan was considered a sign of prosperity, since using natural dyes red is quite problematic to get.
In the middle of the XVIII century, when the British suppressed the Jacobite rebellion, they forbade the Scots to wear kilts. Some obeyed the order, but the Scots, who lived high in the mountains, did not remove the kilt, even on pain of death.
The painting "The Battle of Culloden." As a result of this battle, the uprising raised by the Scots to return to the British throne the genus of Stuarts was finally crushed.
The only ones who were allowed to wear kilts were soldiers of special royal regiments patrolling the mountains of Scotland.They wore Black Watch tartan (Black Watch) - one of the most recognizable patterns that became the first military tartan.
After the ban was lifted, it turned out that many of the traditional colors of tartan are forgotten. Then began a large-scale campaign to revive the national heritage. Tartans were restored by paintings and old books of tailors.
In 1822, King George IV arrived in Edinburgh and proclaimed: "Let everyone wear their own tartan." At this variety of tartans began to grow exponentially. To date, there are more than four thousand species. The most popular ones are:
1. Caledonia is a versatile tartan that every Scotsman can wear.
2. Black Watch.
3. Dress Campbell - ceremonial tartan clan Campbell.
4. Burberry - a tartan worn by the generals of the British army during the Boer War.
5. Dress Gordon - an elegant version of the Gordon clan tartan.
6. Royal Stewart - the world's most famous tartan, owned by the royal dynasty of Stuarts.
In addition to clan colors, there are many, so to speak, highly specialized tartans. Many public organizations and government agencies, including the Royal Bank of Scotland, have their own fabric patterns.There are mourning tartans, hunting, holiday ...
Created in 1963, the Scottish Tartans Society (Scottish Tartans Society) assigns a unique code to all registered patterns - according to the number of threads of each color.
There is also a "Russian" tartan. It is composed of Barclay and Lermontov tartans, named after commander Mikhail Barclay de Tolly and poet Mikhail Lermontov, who had Scottish roots, respectively.