Churches and temples, their architecture

Elena Terekhova
12.11.2015

Churches and temples, their architecture

Orthodoxchurches and templesbelong to the Byzantine tradition, or Greek Orthodox. They are usually divided into the world, which include the Constantinople, Alexandria, Antioch, Jerusalem patriarchates, and the Greek Orthodox, their world Orthodoxy does not recognize, as it considers uncanonical.

Churches and temples, their architecture

If we talk about the architectural structure of the church, then it is usually divided into three parts. This is the holy of holies, the sanctuary and the courtyard, the middle part, the porch. The Holy of Holies is also called the Kingdom of Heaven. In Old Testament times, no one had the right to enter there. This privilege had only the high priest, because he was considered a type of the Savior.

Churches and temples in Orthodoxy have a middle part, called the sanctuary. Until the resurrection of Jesus, people could not stand in this place; now all believers pray there, since Paradise is not closed for anyone. Previously, people were in the vestibule, but now it does not matter much for Christians during the service.Currently, people who have sinned or departed from faith at the time of correction are sent there.

Buildings of temples usually build an altar to the east, because it was from there that the Light of God once descended upon us. Let us recall the church prayers and some excerpts from them: “from the height of the East,” “East is His name” ...

Churches and temples are dedicated to the Lord. They are named after events, saints. For example, Voznesensky, Pokrovsky, Nicholas churches ... If several altars are consecrated in the church, each one has its own name. Side altars in this case are called flank, or chapels.

Christian churches in their architecture resemble a cross. This has its own symbolism, since God was crucified for us on the cross and set free the believers in Him from the power of Satan. Also, churches are built in the form of a ship, associating the temple of God with a ship that sails on the waves of the sea of ​​life to the harbor of the Kingdom of Heaven. In some cases, the structure of the temple resembles a circle, which has always personified eternity.

Churches and temples, their architecture_2

Churches and templesThey have domes with a head on which a cross stands. The cross is Jesus Christ. If there are two chapters on the temple, it speaks of the dual nature of nature, divine and human, if there are three, then this is done in honor of the Holy Trinity,if five is Jesus and four evangelists, seven are seven sacraments and the same number of ecumenical councils. Nine - nine angelic ranks, thirteen - Jesus and His apostles. Near the church have a bell tower and a belfry, where the bells ring. In the altar is the throne - the most important place of the temple, on it the sacrament of communion is performed.


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  • Churches and temples, their architecture

    Churches and temples, their architecture

    Churches and temples, their architecture

    Churches and temples, their architecture

    Churches and temples, their architecture

    Churches and temples, their architecture

    Churches and temples, their architecture

    Churches and temples, their architecture

    Churches and temples, their architecture

    Churches and temples, their architecture

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