Colosseum in Rome, photos and description of the majestic amphitheater

Roman Coliseum

Roman Coliseum
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One of the most significant monuments of Italian history is the Colosseum in Rome. This amphitheater, impressive in its scope and incredible beauty, which is difficult to convey the photo. However, it’s not so much the heroic epic that is written about the Colosseum, but the stories filled with horror and suffering, because hundreds of thousands of people and animals died in his arena.

Their death was public and brought the audience furious delight. However, it was in the past, today the Colosseum is the hallmark of Rome, a reminder of the greatness of the Roman Empire, the era of the great rulers and conquerors.

Construction history

Colosseum in Rome, historyIn the 70s of our era, the Roman Empire literally drowned in civil wars. The power struggle was provoked by the unexpected death of Emperor Nero. As a result of long battles, Vespasian from the Flavian dynasty received the throne. It was he who ordered the destruction of the royal chambers and the park. And in place of the picturesque lake, he ordered the construction of the largest amphitheater.So, briefly, you can describe the beginning of the history of the Colosseum.

The beginning of the construction of the Colosseum dates back to 72 AD e., and the completion of construction work had to 80 AD er At that time, Vespasian had already fallen, and his son Domitian, who took the throne after the death of his brother Tito, ruled the country. The emperors sought to complete the large-scale amphitheater as soon as possible.

Therefore, for its construction used more than 100,000 slaves, which are specially driven from Judea. The main purpose of this building was to relieve tension from the people who craved justice. Performances and fights had to satisfy this thirst.

In addition to simple labor, the best architects and engineers arrived in Rome. After all, the lease was supposed to be not only colossal, but also functional. As a result, the world saw one of the greatest creations of man - a pompous amphitheater, the spaciousness of which will be envied by many modern stadiums - up to 50,000 people. At the same time, a small space was critically allocated for each viewer - only 35 cm. But the crowdedness did not make the presentation in the Colosseum less popular.

The historical description of the Colosseum is impressive, because the amphitheater was erected from marble and decorative stone, and struck with incredible luxury.But only ruins have reached modern times, because most of the valuable stone was simply dismantled by local residents for decorating and repairing their own houses.

Officially, the Colosseum was called the theater Flavia. But the locals gave the building a slightly different name. Rumor has it that the name of the Colosseum is derived from the statue of the Colossus of Nero. It was created from bronze and impressed just with a huge size, as much as 35 m. For a while the monument stood next to the Coliseum, but then it was disposed of.

Infrastructure and features of the amphitheater

photo of the Colosseum in RomeThe modern description of the Colosseum excites the imagination, but the historical appearance of the building would be much more spectacular. The building was erected in the form of an ellipse, a length of 520 meters. At the same time, the size of the arena, which has a similar shape, is also impressive - 86 by 54 m. The building was framed by monumental walls, which have an enormous height of 50 m for those times, and this is without taking into account the 13-meter foundation. It was these walls that hid multi-tiered stands for spectators.

To obtain such a large scale, it was important to design a solid coupling of all elements. Therefore, stone and marble blocks were interconnected with metal cables.This increased the bearing capacity of the walls, adding strength and stability to the whole structure. It is noteworthy that the blocks for the construction of the Colosseum were brought from the town of Tivoli, which is 24 km from Rome, as described in the historical description of the amphitheater building process.

Modern photos of the Colosseum clearly show the abundance of entrances and exits. This technology, used for the first time during the construction of this amphitheater, is actively used during the construction of modern stadiums. The calculation of the number of entrance openings is carried out in such a way that the stands are completely filled in just 15 minutes and their emptying - three times faster - in 5 minutes.

As the description says, there were 80 entrances in the Colosseum. In this case, 4 of them were intended only for the elite, and the remaining 76 - for the common people. At the same time, the exits for mere mortals were much less comfortable and led to the stairs, through which one could climb to the upper tiers and descend from them.

The location of the benches for the people was also very ergonomic - around the arena. This allowed each viewer to fully observe the action, without losing the slightest detail.However, the elite had the best places, of course, because for each class of citizens there was a level, a number and a sector.

In the Colosseum, as seen in the photo, there were 4 tiers:

  1. Imperial. Only representatives of the ruling dynasty and senators had the right to hold him. They were separated from the rest of the spectators by a massive parapet that ensured complete safety.
  2. The first tier was also created for the local elite. These are city authorities and horsemen. This department had 20 rows, which was more than enough to accommodate the public.
  3. The second tier, consisting of 16 rows with seats, was intended for ordinary citizens. But only the Romans were right to sit here. Persons of other nationalities were located at less favorable places. Moreover, the true Romans from other residents of the city was separated by a huge wall, which can be seen in the photos of tourists.
  4. The third tier could occupy the lower classes of citizens. These were the poor who came from other cities and countries and the inhabitants of Rome. Here the seats are located under a large slope, so that beggars can better see events from the arena. Perhaps such a measure was aimed at instilling fear of being among the gladiators.
The Colosseum was crowned with a special portico, where the servants were located, who had to pull on specific protective awnings during bad weather. In fact, the Colosseum is a model of quality service, the standards of which originated in the era of the Roman Empire.

In the arena of the amphitheater turned out great battles. Moreover, each element of the battle was carefully planned by the organizers: decorations, costumes and weapons of fighters, entourage, etc. In addition to land battles and standard animal harassment, the arena was periodically flooded, arranging ship battles. Unfortunately, in modern photos you can see only echoes from past possibilities and greatness.

Interesting facts about the Colosseum

Historical sketches and photos of tourists can not convey the full grandeur of this legendary amphitheater. However, much more importance to the construction is given by interesting facts about its construction and functioning, which are not familiar to every man in the street:

  1. Colosseum Rome DescriptionThe original name of the Colosseum is the Flavia Amphitheater. This is the locals called the legendary building in honor of the statue of Flavius ​​predecessor - Colossus of Nero. Moreover, Flavius ​​so desperately tried to eradicate the memory of his predecessor, that he would definitely be extremely dissatisfied with such a coincidence of circumstances.
  2. The construction of the Colosseum was preceded by the destruction of the Palace of Flavius ​​and the draining of a huge lake. Actually, in its place and built an amphitheater.
  3. For the construction of the Colosseum used decorative elements and building materials, which appeared as a result of the destruction of the Golden House in Jerusalem. Evidence of the scale of the conquests of the Roman Empire is the Wailing Wall, which stands to this day. You can see it in the photo of tourists from the network.
  4. From the 5th century to the 18th century, the Colosseum was empty and self-destructed. The amphitheater suffered greatly from thunder and lightning, as well as earthquakes. Only in the 18th century, they began to defend him and recognized him as a magnificent historical monument. Prior to this, valuable marble and stone slabs were literally removed from its walls. This was done by locals seeking to renovate their homes. Therefore, almost half of the houses with photos of Rome have a piece of the Colosseum.
  5. The church wanted to turn the monumental Colosseum into a cloth factory. However, the initiative of the clergy did not support. Which saved the great monument of history from even greater destruction than visible in the photo from the network.
Today the Colosseum is the most visited attraction on the map of Italy.Every year, hundreds of thousands of tourists seek to make a photo on its background and walk through the stands of the legendary amphitheater. For a long time, the Colosseum was given over to the power of time and elements, but at last there was a sponsor who was ready to pay for its reconstruction.

Diego Della Valle allocated $ 33 million for the restoration of stone walls, marble cleaning and other processes, after which the legendary Colosseum gained its former power and appeared before the public in a slightly different guise.

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  • Colosseum in Rome, photos and description of the majestic amphitheater

    Colosseum in Rome, photos and description of the majestic amphitheater

    Colosseum in Rome, photos and description of the majestic amphitheater

    Colosseum in Rome, photos and description of the majestic amphitheater

    Colosseum in Rome, photos and description of the majestic amphitheater

    Colosseum in Rome, photos and description of the majestic amphitheater

    Colosseum in Rome, photos and description of the majestic amphitheater

    Colosseum in Rome, photos and description of the majestic amphitheater

    Colosseum in Rome, photos and description of the majestic amphitheater

    Colosseum in Rome, photos and description of the majestic amphitheater

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