Decoupage - the history of the emergence and basic technology
When we were children, we all went to the kindergarten and to the school where the art classes were held. And when the teacher said to bring the next lesson with colored paper, scissors and glue, we all rejoiced, because we already knew: we will do the application! Who would have thought that one day the application would become such a popular form of needlework that it would even acquire a new, foreign namedecoupage?
The word "decoupage"Appeared only in the XX century and came from the Frenchdecouper - cut. But this technique began to be used much earlier. Already in the XII century inChinawhere the paper was invented, the peasants were decorated with colored paper clippings lights, windows, gift boxes and much more. However, it is believed that the cutting and sticking technique itself came to China from Eastern Siberia. Siberian nomads carved felt compositions adorned the tombs before our era.
But decoupage as we see it today (glued and carefully varnished items) dates back to the 17th century.These were mainly pieces of furniture and various household items. In Europe, the demand for oriental lacquered furniture was so great that local artisans began to make such pseudo-oriental objects on their own. They hired newbies to paint prints and prints of famous artists. Then they were cut out, pasted on the decorated surface and covered with several layers of lacquer, so that the products had the greatest resemblance to the originals brought from Japan and China.
Among the aristocracy, ordinary fashionedwall painting, ceilings and furniture, but soon they could not even afford such luxury because of the huge demand and, therefore, prices for such services. Therefore, again returned to the clippings. This type of needlework was especially loved by noble ladies who learned to handle scissors and pasted over everything they could with pictures. It got even to the point that the real paintings of famous artists became the victims of decoupage. Some needlewomen liked to cut, dye and glue so much that they just cut out the fragments they liked, put the compositions together and put them on wardrobes, dressers, wig blanks and so on.
In the XIX century, the decoupage became more artistic.Instead of fragments of paintings and painted engravings for decoration, various materials began to be used, such as leather, decorative paper, laces, ribbons, etc., from which compositions and collages were composed.
Currently there istwo directions of decoupage technique. In the first one, the masters cut out and paste already prepared color images, in the second one preference is given to black and white motifs, which after gluing are painted by hand. Also very popular techniquebulk decoupagewhen the pictures are slightly raised during gluing and create a three-dimensional image. The finished product is covered with 30-40 layers of varnish to give it a beautiful glossy shine. However, the development of the art of decoupage does not stop there; it continues to evolve and generate more and more new techniques, methods and styles of decor.