Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia

Nika Kravchuk
12.12.2016

Did Andrew the First Called Preach in Russia?

Andrew the First-Called - one of the 12 apostles and, perhaps, the closest to our Church saint. In what sense? According to legend, this disciple of the Savior reached Kiev, where he installed a memorial cross and blessed the future city. According to one version, the apostle then visited Novgorod and was surprised at the traditions of the local residents. But do such stories correspond to reality? What really was the life of the Apostle Andrew? How was he famous and how did he suffer for Christ? Read about it in our article.

Andrew Pervozvanny - icon

How did Andrew become an apostle?

Andrew the First-Called belongs to 12 apostles. He was Peter's brother, the son of a certain Jonah, and lived in the Galilean city of Bethsaida. Together with his brother Andrew, he fished on the shores of Lake Galilee, which is also called Lake Kinneret, Lake of Gennesaret and the Sea of ​​Tiberias.

According to one of the versions described in the Gospel of Matthew and Mark, the brothers were fishing on the lake at the moment when Christ called them:

Follow me, and I will make you fishers of men ().

The vocation of Andrew and Peter

According to the second option, Andrew did not have a family and decided to devote his life to God. With this idea, he came to the desert to John the Baptist and became his disciple. It was from the Forerunner that he and another disciple (believed to be John the Theologian) heard the words “Behold the Lamb of God” pointing to Christ. After that, Andrew ran after Christ and asked: "Rabbi, where do you live?". The day with Jesus greatly influenced him, so he decided to lead the Messiah and his own brother.

It is believed that Andrew was the first disciple whom the Savior called for. Hence the name - the First Called.

What about the apostle is written in the gospel?

Andrew the First-Called is found in the Gospel relatively rarely:

  1. remembered in the story of the vocation of Andrew and Simon;
  2. appears in the story of a miracle with five loaves and two fishes;
  3. along with three other disciples present at the time of the revelation of Jesus about the fate of the world;
  4. together with Philip leads to Christ the Greeks who believed after the resurrection of Lazarus.

Where did Andrew the First-Called?

On the day of Pentecost, along with other apostles, this disciple of Christ received the grace of the Holy Spirit and went to preach. It is believed that St. Andrew carried the Good News to the pagans from such lands:

  1. the Roman province of Bithynia, the territories nearby the Sea of ​​Marmara (with the cities of Chalcedon and Byzantium);
  2. the Balkan regions of Thrace and Macedonia stretching to the Black Sea and the Danube;
  3. Scythia and Thessaly;
  4. Hellas and Achaea (in the capital the last disciple of Christ and died a martyr's death) with many cities.

Was Andrew the First-Called in Kiev and Novgorod?

From the Tale of Bygone Years, it is known that Apostle Andrew was in Kiev. Allegedly, from Chersonesos down the Dnieper, the apostle reached the mountains, on which Kiev would appear several centuries later. According to legend, he put a cross on these lands and said well-known words:

The grace of God will shine forth on these mountains, there will be a great city, and God will build many churches.

Andrew Pervozvanny in Kiev

There is a continuation of this story, according to which Andrew Pervozvanny from Kiev went to Novgorod. This city allegedly surprised him with its customs, and the apostle Andrew was particularly struck by the tradition of bathing in a bathhouse with birch besoms. But was it really?

If many believers and some church historians agree with the story of Kiev,"Novgorod sequel"perceived no more than an interesting invention.

What happened at the site of Novgorod in the 60s after the birth of Christ, and where the Russian baths with birch twigs are here, many people are puzzled. The main purpose of the apostles was the preaching of the Gospel, and not the description of local customs (which, by the way, arose much later).

Andrew Pervozvanny and Kiev princes

Of course, the readers themselves will figure out whether or not to believe the story about the Kiev cross. But I must say that many authoritative historians of the Church - bishops, teachers of theological seminaries and academies - pointed out that the early sources did not confirm this information and the apostles did not preach in Russian lands in general.

But let's leave the story with Kiev and turn to the preaching of the saint. Andrew the First-Called faced many difficulties. Embittered pagans wanted him dead. Anger intensified when opponents saw the miracles of the apostle.

On which cross was Saint Andrew crucified?

From the life of the Apostle there are many cases not only of the healing of the sick, but also of the resurrections of the dead (at least nine such stories are described). During the lively preaching of the Gospel, the apostle deserved the martyrdom that overtook him in Patras.

In this city, Andrew the First-Called baptized crowds of pagans.Even the wife and brother of the ruler Egeata became Christians. For this, the pagan ruler was angry with the saint and decided to crucify him on the cross.

To suffer for Christ as Christ suffered for people — what could be the highest reward for an apostle? True, the cross of Andrew the First-Called was different from the Tree of the Lord. The instrument of death saintly form resembled the letter"X".

Cross of St. Andrew the First Called

The saint hung on a tree for two days before the crucifixion. According to legend, he even continued to preach in this form. The inhabitants of Patras demanded the release of the preacher. To avoid a riot, the governor obeyed. But Andrew the First-Called prayed to God for the opposite: to be martyred and reunited with the Lord.

And a miracle happened: just as the warriors did not try to remove the apostle from the cross, nothing happened. After a while the saint with the words“Lord, take my spirit”went to God.

We invite you to watch a documentary about the Apostle Andrew:


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  • Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia

    Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia

    Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia

    Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia

    Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia

    Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia

    Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia

    Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia

    Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia

    Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia

    Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia Did Andrew the First-Called Preach in Russia