Geographical language. Causes, symptoms, treatment
If you find red spots on your tongue,which form an intricate pattern reminiscent of the continents on the world map, it is quite possible that these are signs of desquamative glossitis, which was called "geographical language". The causes of the appearance of the disease are unclear, but it is noticed that it develops in the presence of some common chronic ailments.
Often glossitis is diagnosed with exacerbation of diseases of the digestive tract, liver, skin, as well as acute infections, collagenoses (connective tissue lesions), helminthic invasions.
Geographic language, the causes of whichcan be caused by inflammatory or dystrophic phenomena, a fairly common condition. And it can occur at any age. With this type of glossitis, the epithelium of the tongue mucosa exfoliates and the dystrophic changes in the papillae, resulting in bright red spots in these areas surrounded by a white rim of the depleted tissue. As a rule, several lesions of different shape and size are formed at different stages of desquamation.
The geographic language of the reason for the appearancepresumably can have different. According to experts, the desquamative glossitis is based on the disruption of tissue nutrition, which occurs for reasons unknown to science. There is an opinion that the disease can be the result of prolonged use of medicines, for example antibiotics.Many women are familiar with such a condition asgeographical language. The reasons for its appearance in some women are pregnancy and menstruation. At the same time immediately after childbirth or with the termination of the monthly mucosa normalized. If there is a geographical language in the child, the reasons can be as follows: eruption of milk teeth, helminthic invasion, exudative diathesis.
In medicine, two types of desquamativeglossitis: normal and sharp. The first is painless, without any discomfort to the person. Some experts tend to consider the normal form of a variant of the norm, in which special treatment is not required.
The acute form is characterized by pain, burning,tingling in the area of the tongue, which is especially felt during eating. Hot, sharp, sour food only strengthens these sensations. There may be a taste disorder. There is a risk of infection of the foci of sloughing, since they are not protected by a healthy mucosa in a disease such as a geographical language.
How to treat desquamative glossitis? In the event that complaints are absent, as a rule, no treatment is prescribed. Help is required with pain and dryness of the tongue. First of all, you must exclude any irritating food: acute, rough, salty, hot. Local anesthesia is shown in the form of rinses, antiseptic and epithelializing agents (vitamins A, E in oil). If among the possible causes of glossitis revealed gastrointestinal diseases, helminthic invasions and others, one should tackle their treatment.