Hemorrhoids in Dogs: Causes, Symptoms, Diagnosis and Treatment Characteristics
Many doctors argue over whetherhemorrhoids in dogs. Some experts are inclined to the opinion that inflammation of the hemorrhoids is manifested only in bipedals, so they exclude the appearance of similar diseases in four-friend friends. However, the expansion of the blood vessels in the anal area of the rectum in dogs is possible, although the symptoms are extremely rare.
The appearance of disease
Hemorrhoids in dogs arise because of the expansion andfurther inflammation of the veins located near the anus. Inflamed nodes can be located both around the anal ring and inside the rectum (internal hemorrhoids). The main reason for the appearance and development of hemorrhoids in dogs is considered to be stagnant phenomena, as a result of which hemorrhoidal veins are not completely released. After that, the density of the venous walls decreases, which leads to the appearance of seals (cones).
An ideal example is the usualrubber hose. If one starts to pump water and the other end is damped securely, then in a place that has the thinnest walls, a huge bubble will appear. The same happens with the veins that accumulate blood. They gradually stretch, making the walls thinner, which, after loading, leads to the appearance of blood cones.
Causes of hemorrhoids
Various factors can provoke the appearance of this disease, in the same way as in humans. Each case has an individual character. The main reasons may be:
- Non-compliance with the diet, excessive fatty foods, overeating.
- Excess weight.
- Physical overload.
- Lack of physical activity, training.
- Hormonal disorders.
- Lack of microelements and vitamins.
- Dry food, which contains components not assimilated by the canine organism, such as legumes.
- Violation of the balance of water and salt in the body.
A fairly rare disease that can occur in your furry pet can be divided into three degrees. Hemorrhoids in dogs are:
- The first degree is insignificant cones on the mucous membrane near the anus.
- The second degree is a conical seal with a ball on the tip.
- Third degree - bleeding wound or claret blood sac, protruding from the anus.
If you are just going to getfour-legged friend, then you should listen to the advice of specialists who recommend taking extremely seriously to choosing a diet for the puppy. Water balance failure can occur due to stressful situations, frequent feed changes and irregular feeding. Puppies at the age of 4 to 7 months are most susceptible to hemorrhoidal node changes, since it is during this period that bone and muscle tissues form, and the time of active growth also comes.
No less dangerous are neglected worminvasions, which negatively affect the work of the intestines and stomach, slowing the process of metabolism. This can also lead to the appearance and development of hemorrhoids in the dog.
Signs of the disease
When the hemorrhoids appear in a dog, the symptoms are the same as, for example, in a cat. Specialists recommend paying attention to the fact that during illness:
- Stool masses become denser and more dry.
- The anal opening grows and flows.
- In fecal masses there are clots of blood and mucus.
- The gait of the dog changes.
Perhaps, the dog will begin to rub backwards on the floor, grass, carpet, trying to get rid of discomfort and itching. However, most often this behavior is observed in animals with worms.
Once you have noticed the characteristic signshemorrhoids in a dog, you need to contact a veterinarian who will conduct a complete diagnosis of your pet. Only an experienced specialist will give the most comprehensive answer to what is happening in the animal's body, and also prescribe the right treatment. Very often people confuse hemorrhoids with hernia, inflammation of the anal glands or rectal prolapse.
Hemorrhoids in a dog: how to treat
The existing methods of treating hemorrhoidalknots in dogs practically do not differ from those that are used in humans. Important is the diet, which needs careful revision and correct adjustment. In order for your dog to eat properly, you need:
- Exclude from the diet products that lead to constipation.
- Improve the digestive process by adding foods rich in fiber.
- To cook easily digestible dishes.
These measures will help the animal painlessly remove the feces from the body, which will favorably affect the reduction of the inflammatory process in the anus.
If the dog suffers from constipation, then the castor oil can be added to the diet. The daily rate depends on the weight of the pet.
Maximize the process of recoverywill help long walks in the fresh air. Do not limit the pet to physical activity, since it is at this point that his body stimulates the outflow of blood from the hemorrhoids.
If you take into account drug treatment,then the drugs will be the same, which treat people for hemorrhoids. Eliminate bleeding by candles from hemorrhoids, for example "Relief". In order to strengthen the veins, use venotonic agents - "Venarus", "Deltralex", "Flebodia-600". They must be added to your pet's food.
Very effective are the proceduresdouching and rinsing of the rectum, which are done with an enema filled with decoctions of medicinal herbs. However, not every domestic pet will be happy with this treatment. If your dog is categorically against using an enema, then you can simply treat the inflamed areas, thereby clearing them of contamination. Otherwise, the area of inflammation may increase.
In order to treat hemorrhoids in a dog, you can make baths from hemorrhoids, for the preparation of which you will need such herbs as:
- flowers of calendula;
- burdock root;
- St. John's wort;
- chemist's daisy.
Using the trays, you can distinguish the following benefits:
- With inflammation of the hemorrhoids makecold baths, which allows you to reduce the flow and cones (it should be taken into account the fact that the solution should be only 3-4 degrees below the body temperature of the dog).
- Almost every potion used in the bath has several healing properties, which positively affects the body, speeding up the healing process.
Having detected hemorrhoids in dogs, the owners oftenuse sea buckthorn oil, which is an excellent antiseptic and contributes to the rapid healing of wounds on the hemorrhoidal veins. It is necessary to soak a cotton swab from the cotton wool, and then place it in the anus. This remedy is most effective at the initial stage of the development of the disease.
It is better to do without experiments
If the above methods did not give properresult or the disease is in neglected form, then it is necessary to urgently appeal to the vet. Only a specialist will be able to prescribe the right treatment, as well as surgically remove hemorrhoids.