Hot batik - original idea for silk scarves
Cold batik won the hearts of many needlewomen for its beauty and ease of execution. However, truly original silk scarves can be created only using traditional techniques - hot batik.
Features of creativity
Before you begin to paint silk scarves in the technique of hot batik, you should get to know better about the origin and intricacies of this needlework. This type was originally used to create beautiful patterns on the fabric.
Features of hot batik are as follows:
- Since ancient times, wax is part of the reserving substance - it covers the fabric better than the other ingredients, preventing the spreading of the colorful stain on it;
- since the wax is in a liquid state only at a certain temperature, the reserve must be constantly heated. Hence the name of the technology - “hot”.Observe safety precautions while working - due to carelessness it is easy to get burned.
In addition, while painting silk shawls in a similar way, the masters paint with a reserve not only a contour, which will later be filled with color, like coloring. Sometimes, some areas of canvas of different sizes are covered with wax - for example, if you need to leave the individual details of the drawing light and paint the rest of the space dark.
If you want to do hot batik, you will need more fixtures than for cold batik:
- wax melting tank - there are special double-bottom mugs, in which the upper one is constantly heated, but you can use ordinary saucepans of different sizes for a water bath;
- batik-pin - a device with a small capacity inside and a thin needle with a hole that allows you to collect a small amount of wax, while constantly heating it inside, and draw lines of different thickness with it;
- Chanting is a device similar to a glass stick for cold batik, but more resistant to high temperatures.
And all this - not counting the usual artistic brushes with a natural pile, stencils, stamps, brushes, seals, watering cans.
Types of hot batik
There are several different hot batik techniques that are used to paint silk scarves. Depending on the style you choose, the pattern on the fabric can be crisp, vague, with smooth or sharp color transitions, with splashes, specks and lines.
This painting on the fabric is also called painting in one overlap. Initially, the working tools must be heated to the melting temperature of the reserving compound, otherwise it will harden on them even before the drawing begins.
The master puts wax on the silk scarves stretched in a frame, painting them with fancy patterns, figures and pictures. Only after hardening the reserve can you apply paint in a uniform layer to the entire surface of the canvas with a cotton swab.
Sometimes before toning the entire area with a contrasting color, fill individual areas, ringed with a reserve, to make the picture multi-colored.
This method is a consecutive repetition of a simple batic several times. After you have applied the first coat of paint to your silk scarves, the work can be continued in two ways:
- get rid of the wax of the first stage, apply a new and re-paint the canvas;
- apply a pattern over the old reserve, overlapping some already painted areas.
Gradual layering of colors should occur from the brightest to the darkest - it is better to apply no more than four layers.
Work from the spot
Making pictures on the fabric in this technique is the most difficult, but the result is really worth the effort! The work is a bit like a complex hot batik, but initially it’s not a reserve that is applied, but multi-colored spots of light paint.
When the dye dries, the complex reserve, as a rule - plant ornaments, around which different color spots are again applied, is drawn from above as a reserve. This process can be repeated up to three times, after which the canvas with pictures is reserved with a dark paint that can hide the excess and unevenness of color spots.
Spring scarf: master class
This lesson is suitable for beginners as well as those who are already a little familiar with various techniques of batik. Before painting silk shawls, wash the material well without using detergents.
If you will be creating drawings on the fabric for the first time, prepare a full-size sketch template that will help you to do the work accurately and efficiently.Subsequently, you will train and be able to do without it.
- Prepare all the necessary materials: paint with brushes, frame, silk canvas, pattern, reserve and capacity to maintain a constant temperature.
- Pull the canvas on the frame as tight as on the drum.
A little trick: to make silk shawls easier, lightly moisten them with water from a spray bottle.
- Place the sketch under the canvas - as a rule, the drawing is clearly visible through the stretched silk scarves, so that you can easily redraw it with a thin simple pencil.
- Melt wax from ordinary candles without dyes in a water bath to a liquid transparent state. Dip the working brushes in the substance - they also need to heat up.
- Paint wax on those places of the picture that should remain the lightest: the pupils of animals, the glare on the windows. In the master class it is the edges of the petals. Make a few light strokes over the picture, so that the wax from the brush is laid down with careless sprays.
- Dampen silk blanks with water and paint them with the lightest tonal colors. Wait until the fabric is completely dry.
- Again, type the warm wax on the brush, paint the places that will remain in bright colors on the picture.Make a splash effect again and can repeat the painting process.
- When virtually the entire surface is filled with wax, you can make a crackle effect. Place the canvas in a cold place (in winter - on the balcony, in the summer - in the refrigerator) for about an hour, after removing the fabric from the frame. Take out the workpiece and remember it well - a lot of cracks form on the surface. Now put the workpiece back on the frame and paint the desired color toned the entire canvas - penetrating into the cracks, it will create an interesting effect.
- Remove the completely dried fabric painting from the frame and gently rub the edges of the work together, as if washing, exfoliating the wax. After that, put your silk handkerchiefs between the two newspaper sheets and iron the iron. Change newspapers until they remain clean from wax after ironing.
- Take a very thin, almost dry brush and paint small missing parts.
- Drawings on the fabric are ready! It remains to hem the edges of the product - and you can safely appear in a new thing in public.
Another master class on how to paint silk shawls using the hot batik technique can be found in the next video.