How is the procedure for removing adenoids in a child?
Operate or wait?
No medicines, drops and ointments will help get rid of adenoids. This applies to conspiracies, healing videos and other unconventional methods. The delay of the operation will only lead to the proliferation of adenoids in children.
Some fathers and mothers firmly believe that in addition to operative, there are other ways to treat adenoids. In fact, these formations have anatomical nature. They are not edema that can resolve. This is an independent part of the body. Video helps to make sure of it:
For education to disappear, surgery is necessary.
What threatens the presence of adenoids?
In children, the growth of adenoids may be accompanied by an increase in tonsils. In this case also saves the operation. If the removal of adenoids in children is not performed, then nasal breathing becomes difficult. The child has to breathe through the mouth. This leads to an underdevelopment of the upper jaw. Teeth begin to grow unevenly. The face becomes elongated.
These troubles are not limited to the harmful effects of the adenoids. Their presence in the nasal cavity leads to oxygen starvation. Children complain of a headache, get tired quickly and do not perceive the curriculum poorly. These children are often diagnosed with otitis media and hearing loss.
How painful is the surgery?
In the past, doctors did not have an effective means of anesthesia. Therefore, this procedure was performed without anesthesia. Some parents, based on their own experience (or the stories of friends), believe that even now they do not use anesthesia. It's not like that at all. To make sure that the patient does not feel pain, it is enough to watch the video shot during surgery:
Removal of adenoids is performed using the following methods of anesthesia:
- local anesthesia;
- general anesthesia.
Western doctors perform any ENT operations under general anesthesia. Many domestic hospitals practice similar anesthesia. This does not hurt the psyche of children. The little patient falls asleep, and when he comes to, the worst is over. The only drawback of surgery under general anesthesia is the likelihood of complications.
Often the operation is performed under local anesthesia. How exactly this anesthesia occurs can be seen in the video above. The mucous membrane is lubricated with anesthetic. Sometimes it is applied by spraying. The operation under local anesthesia is completely painless. This is noticeable in the video.
Adenotomy can be performed without anesthesia (if there are contraindications for under general and local anesthesia). This is justified from a physiological point of view.Adenoid tissue does not contain nerve endings.
Still, it is better to eliminate stress, which may be accompanied by the removal of adenoids in children under local anesthesia. Therefore, most often use general anesthesia. To reassure parents, they are recommended to watch a video of the operation, which confirms the use of effective anesthesia.
After the operation, the following phenomena are possible:
- temperature rise to 38 ?;
- vomiting blood clots;
- nasal congestion;
- disturbed stools, unexpressed abdominal pain.
These consequences of the removal of pathological formations in children disappear on the tenth day. After the removal of adenoid growths, the use of rehabilitation measures is required. Features of their conduct can be viewed on the video program "School Doctor Komarovsky."
For a month, any physical activity is excluded. The child should not be in direct sunlight. It is forbidden to stay in a stuffy and hot room for a long time.
In the first days after the operation, you should not swim in hot water. A diet should be maintained for 8-10 days.Rough, spicy, hard, hot and cold foods are excluded from the diet. The menu should be foods rich in vitamins and calories.
Can relapses occur?
Another thought that worries parents very much: the appearance of adenoids after surgery. In medical practice, such unpleasant phenomena are observed quite often. The main reasons leading to re-growth of the adenoids include the following factors:
- Incorrect surgery: incomplete removal of adenoid tissue. Even if there is a millimeter fragment of such cells, the adenoids may appear again. To exclude such troubles, you should contact a specialist clinic with an experienced surgeon.
- Early removal of the adenoids. It is better to perform such a procedure not earlier than three years (if there are no indications for an emergency operation).
- Children with allergies are more prone to relapses.
- Individual features of the organism, laid down at the genetic level.
Currently, the removal of adenoid growths can be done by endoscopy. Features of the procedure with the help of technological medical news can be viewed on the video:
The advantage of this technique is in the guaranteed removal of adenoid tissues, which practically excludes re-formations.
What method is best for your child, the doctor will determine. Parents can learn from him how the operation will take place and even see the removal procedure in the video. Surgical procedures are necessary to preserve the health of the child.