How to insulate the loggia itself: recommendations and methods
Where to start?
The initial stage is the glazing of the balcony. Even high-quality insulation will be useless without installing a good glass unit. Many people prefer to equip the loggia with plastic windows. Fans of eco-friendly materials choose wood. Such frames require treatment and care. It is necessary to cover them with antiseptic and paint.
It should also be borne in mind that heating the balcony through central heating is prohibited. All surfaces should be insulated, including the floor, walls, front and sides.
For those who are interested in how to insulate a balcony with their own hands, a further algorithm of actions is useful:
- Warming the floor. Foam is blown from the inside into the holes.
- Leveling the floor.Suitable cement-sand self-leveling compounds.
- Laying plates or insulation with mineral wool. Gluing the joints with steam insulating tape.
- Installation of polymer concrete and reinforced wire mesh.
It is important not only to properly insulate the loggia, but also to provide a vapor barrier. The step-by-step instruction on the video below guarantees high-quality weatherization with your own hands.
What is included in the complex repair activities?
Balcony insulation includes such activities:
- Seal cracks and seams with sealant and foam.
- Waterproofing. This operation will protect the loggia from moisture penetration and mold.
- Equipment insulation from inside the balcony. Cheaper mineral wool trimming costs the most. Processing of all concrete elements is required.
- Perform internal waterproofing.
- The manufacture of cladding frame.
You can study the technology of each repair operation on a special video.
Work on the creation of comfortable temperature conditions on the balcony exterior trim.
The best materials for insulation
Make high-quality insulation is easy.After glazing, you need to go to the insulation of the floor and walls. It is important to choose the right materials.
You should be guided by the following criteria:
- efficiency with minimum thickness;
- balanced price.
To warm a loggia is easier and more economical than a balcony. This is due to the lack of external side walls.
The gaps are sealed with sealants, foam or polyurethane mastics. You can use hermabutile, hermaflex. Large gaps are best filled with foam or mineral wool.
Conducting waterproofing with your own hands, do not forget about the installation of low tide. This design will protect the balcony from water. The frame should be treated with any hydrophobic compound. Enamel, varnish, oil paint, antiseptic. The loggia is waterproofed from the inside as well as the balcony.
Concrete floors and parapet protect against moisture using roofing felt or penofola. Sometimes use coating or penetrating compounds. Laying flooring material produced overlap. Among the new materials, folgoisolone having a thickness of 4 mm is popular. It provides not only waterproofing, but also warming.
Ways of fixing waterproofing
The technology of installation of waterproofing allows you to perform this operation by hand. To avoid mistakes, it is better to preview the video:
At fastening of roofing material the fixing side is heated. When warming with foam or polystyrene foam use glue or plastic dowels. The glue should not contain toluene. Adhesive composition process mounting area. For such an operation, a notched trowel will do. Dowels are placed on the edges of the plates at the rate of 8-10 units per 1 square meter. meter. If you use foam, you can combine these methods. To ensure the reliability of waterproofing, also used tape-sealant.
If you isolate the balcony with inexpensive mineral wool, then fixing should be done exclusively with dowels.
Solving the problem of how to insulate the balcony with their own hands, it is necessary to consider finishing options. This applies not only to design (it can be chosen by photo), but also to hold such events.For finishing you need a frame. For its construction use a profile or wooden bars. Work begins with the floor. Having made logs, they fix the floorboard. Its optimum thickness is 30 mm. In a similar way, you can insulate the parapet, walls and ceiling. For these surfaces take the board 25-mm thickness.
Can also be used profile. It is sheathed with plasterboard sheets (or clapboard). If you warm the loggia with such material, you can glue the wallpaper with your own hands. For finishing from the inside, PVC panels are sometimes used. Actual design options will prompt a photo of the design of the balcony interiors.
How important is warm floor?
To achieve maximum comfort, the loggia must be provided with a warm floor.This can be done by hand. It is rational to equip the balcony with an electrical system. We will get acquainted with the subtleties of how to insulate the balcony with your own hands, namely, to make the floor. First you need to warm the screed with extruded polystyrene foam. The thickness of the slab should be 10 cm. It is mounted on foam. Then proceed to the laying of the cable. He is given the necessary configuration with his own hands.At the next stage, make a 5-inch screed. The mortar consists of cement (m-400) and sand, in a ratio of 1 to 3. The final touch is tiling.
Floor insulation is a specific event. To eliminate gross errors, it is rational to use the help of video.
Enough small efforts and moderate financial expenses to turn the loggia into a favorite place to rest with your own hands.