How to replant a beautiful orchid at home?
How to determine that the orchid needs to be transplanted?
As mentioned above, immediately after buying a Phalaenopsis orchid in a store, it can neither be transplanted nor performed other operations, usually used in preparing other indoor plants for home keeping. To achieve flowering, sellers use special dressings, which use the internal forces of the plant, significantly weakening them.
At this time, it is allowed to use gentle supplements to ensure the strengthening of green mass and roots.
Also, if you need to transplant a scion at home, it is better to wait about a month or two after its appearance. During this time, it will get stronger, which will significantly increase the likelihood of healthy roots, but will not be affected by the mother plant, which in a later period may block its access to useful substances.
At the same time, even after a month of waiting, one should be extremely careful, because Phalaenopsis has very fragile roots, which are especially easy to damage in this life stage of the plant. Sometimes the baby is recommended to be transplanted along with the orchid itself. This is especially true if the roots of two flowers have interlaced with each other.
According to the recommendations of specialists, Phalaenopsis is transplanted at intervals of 2–3 years, since during this time the nutrients contained in the substrate have time to fully deplete. If after the specified period the former soil is left, the orchid will soon wither or lose its presentable appearance before the transplant is completed.The baby is transplanted a couple of months after its formation, so that the pot does not become too small for two orchids.
In addition, at home, you can understand that it is time to transplant Phalaenopsis on the following grounds:
- The pot is filled with soil no more than 4/5, and the remaining substrate formed large lumps and settled on the bottom, with the result that part of the roots is in the air.
- The roots began to darken, or even acquired a grayish or brownish tint.Remember: Phalaenopsis should always have pale green roots, indicating the health of the indoor flower.
- If the orchid began to wither, brown spots appeared on the leaves, and the peduncle immediately after the appearance dries out and dies.
- If the smell of rot is heard, small gray, whitish and black specks appear on the leaves and roots. If there is a process, the baby should not be transplanted, but urgently removed, since the plant may die due to lack of strength.
Most professionals who are engaged in the cultivation of indoor plants, say that Phalaenopsis transplanted immediately after flowering, which allows you to choose the phase when the plant accumulates their strength, and not spend them on the formation of large inflorescences.
The baby should be transplanted, regardless of the state of the mother plant, since excessive delay can lead to the process of dying from a lack of living space.
The method of the process
Extract from the pot
To know how to properly transplant an orchid, it is not necessary to have specific knowledge in the field of floriculture or botany.It is enough to choose the optimal time after the flowering of the plant and follow simple recommendations in order to achieve a good result.
First you need to remove Phalaenopsis from the pot. To do this, gently pull the flower, holding the plant with both hands. If you do not do this carefully due to the fact that the roots pierced thin plastic walls or fell into the drainage holes, it is better to cut the pot with a sharp knife, trying not to touch the plant itself.
The substrate usually rests tightly on the roots of an orchid. Unlike other indoor plants, to remove the soil, pushing them apart, will not work, because Phalaenopsis is very fragile and does not tolerate such treatment. To remove the ground, you need to put an orchid in a container with warm water, the temperature of which is 30-35 degrees.
After the whole substrate has softened and the roots become as plastic as possible, take Phalaenopsis out of the water and clean the hands of the soil that has not dissolved in the liquid.
When you need to keep the baby, carefully separate its roots from the mother plant - if necessary, cut them with just a part of the root system of a large orchid. In addition, you need to cut off all rotten or dried roots, which in color will differ significantly from green.
When you do this, you need to lubricate all the cut sections with charcoal ground into a powder. The same must be done if you have separated the baby along with part of the root system of the mother plant. After the end of this operation, you should put an orchid on a sheet of paper that will absorb the residual liquid preserved on its surface.
At this time, it is worth preparing the substrate - it is best to use a purchased composition that contains all the necessary nutrients and is often even processed with a small amount of gentle fertilizing.
If you are transplanting a baby, it is better not to use any other additional fertilizer, as they can kill a young plant. When a new substrate is intended for an adult orchid, you can add a little therapeutic composition to it, which allows you to get rid of harmful microorganisms and fungi.
The best option for good flowering soil will be the following composition:
- fern roots;
- tree bark;
- fine expanded clay drainage;
In addition, it is better to provide a slightly lower temperature content in the first month - it should not exceed 19-21 degrees. It is recommended for about half an hour a day to put a flower in the sun, but do not abuse it so that it does not dry.
Also Phalaenopsis should be protected from sudden gusts of cold wind and mechanical damage, otherwise it will be very difficult to save a newly transplanted flower.