Philosophy and medicine: the relationship
Philosophy and medicine are closely related sciencesamong themselves the subject of study, by man. The purpose of philosophical research is the spiritual beginning, the thoughts preceding actions. Medicine is a more accurate science that is designed to virtually heal human ailments. Nevertheless, practicing doctors are always interested in the opinion of philosophers about the influence of the spiritual on health. Philosophers, in turn, studying the soul, seek to identify the primary sources of disease.
Medical philosophy as a science
A close relationship between philosophy and medicine was foundthemselves in a separate section of the scientific works of medical philosophy. This is a separate science that studies the laws of ontology, ethics and epistemology in the field of medicine, the cognitive side of medicine, its role in the development of society and the social sphere. The philosophy of medicine generalises the concept of the role of human activity in the system, the place of medicine in public life, as an individual, and whole nations.
One of the main issues in the study of this scienceare the moral and ethical relations of the doctor and patient, the expediency of certain actions in the light of the historical and religious worldviews of different cultures.
Philosophy and medicine - what is common
The methods of influence on personality in these two sciencesextremely different. Inconsistently the mental flow of the philosophical mind and the precise, quick decisions of the doctor. A vivid example of this is the practice of a surgeon. To think over his actions, he sometimes has to spend seconds, delay can cost a human life - the highest measure of the universe. Accurate, definite and fast practice is medicine. Science philosophy uses thinking methods, the realization of certain things comes to the person for years. Unites these humanities not only focus on people, as an object of study.
Both philosophy and medicine set similar tasks,oriented on the same goals, use common methodologies. Ultimately, both these sciences united efforts are called upon to solve one and the same problem - to ensure the survival of the human race on Earth and to strengthen its adaptability to external factors. The actions of physicians and philosophers are different in this respect. Medicine is designed to strengthen bodily health, philosophy - heals the soul and strengthens moral positions.
Theory or Practice
Philosophy and medicine, what is more important for life? Which of these factors is paramount in resolving the issue of strengthening human positions in the world, especially in our century of rapid development of progress and new technologies? Why should a philosophy of robots, which already now can replace a person in many spheres, and artificial organs work in the human body, like relatives?
And yet, increasingly, medical scientists turn toancient sources, when mental treatment was inextricably linked with practical treatment. The effect of changing self-consciousness on the physical state, changing the course of the disease under the influence of changed views and life principles become topics in research medical works.
Influence on the health of ecology, nutrition, physicalactivity takes not much more than the psychological state of a person. In other words: the philosophy of life of an individual person is reflected in its medical indicators. Any doctor should be originally a psychologist. You can not completely cure the body without having a positive impact on the soul.
Philosophy of Traditional Medicine
Every person comes to this world without havingno luggage, literally naked and barefoot. But, at the same time, everyone has his own special wealth, his world, his talent, his individual, not similar to anything, abilities, which he was awarded by the Cosmos. Under the influence of external circumstances: the foundations of society, religion, family traditions formed individual philosophy of man. Folk medicine treats each person as a separate, unique specimen, and not just a standard set of organs and parts of the skeleton. For this reason, the treatment of healers (we are talking about real healers, not charlatans) will be different for the same symptoms. Often the national doctor tries to change the consciousness of the patient. The philosophy of ancient medicine, the union of the spiritual and the carnal, were reflected in the explorations of Hippocrates, Avicenna, Aristotle, Bebel.
Full knowledge of the world, man and his harmony is notowns no modern culture, but still, eastern philosophy and medicine are most closely related. At that time, then Europe took the path of pure science in the medical field, the eastern physicians combined medical, mystical and philosophical in their medicinal and pharmaceutical directions. The result was that the doctors of this region, in addition to serious modern knowledge, rely on natural intuition and ancient traditions.
The usual methods of oriental healers: acupuncture, directed massages, bizarre combinations of herbs and minerals in infusions, are based on the fact that the spirit and the body are one single. The disease of an individual organ is not treated without spiritual causes that caused malaise.
The role of philosophy in medicine for European medicsis determined most often at the theoretical level. Lectures on philosophy are perceived as an important, but not a paramount addition to basic knowledge. Nevertheless, one aspect of medical practice is most closely connected with the philosophy of medicine - this is a matter of medical ethics. The degree of trust in your doctor determines the timing of recovery. This is not disputed even by the most hardened skeptics. The doctor's right to decide when to stop treatment, the ethical side of euthanasia, medical secret - these issues are discussed by physicians and philosophers.