Professional self-determination: the main stages of formation
Professional self-determination of personalityis a deliberate choice of the scope of future work, taking into account its own characteristics and capabilities, its requirements and socio-economic conditions. This process covers a long life span. The fact is that each person reflexes constantly, planning his future and rethinking his achievements at work.
Professional self-determination is actualizedand is triggered by a variety of events. We are talking about the end of a general education school, a professional institution, about raising the level of professional skill, dismissal from work, etc. Moreover, professional self-determination is associated with age, socio-psychological maturity of the individual, its need for self-actualization and self-realization.
Let us consider in more detail the main stages of its development.
Professional self-determination in adolescentage. The youth begins to lay the foundations of relations to a variety of types of work, the development of a world outlook and personal values that determines the selectivity of choice. This is expressed in a differentiated attitude to educational subjects, classes in circles and the emergence of a hobby. As a result, adolescents form appropriate dreams and intentions.
In his youth, professional self-determination isthe most important task. The fact is that in the adolescence the ideas about the future work are diffuse and uncertain, and the choice made is most often not psychologically substantiated. In adolescence, there comes an understanding that success and well-being in life will depend on how correctly the profession is chosen. Therefore, young people tend to pay more attention to those subjects that will be necessary for admission to secondary or higher education.
Professional self-determination in youthis associated with the training in the SSU or university. As a result, the personality acquires several psychological neoplasms. It is socialization, special experience, necessary and important for quality work. This will result in a professional identity.
When applying for a positionIt is necessary to master your work and fulfill all your duties. As a result, professional growth will become important. It is at this stage that there is a kind of "verification" of how correctly the choice was made, since some of the young people who are currently professionally self-determined experience considerable psychological discomfort, which is due to the presence of unrealized lofty plans related to work.
Therefore, a large number of mature professionals do not pass successfully a peculiar "test" of working life. This initiates the emergence of new, vitally important tasks and goals.
As a result, a person can either stay inchosen sphere of labor, trying to establish itself in it and become an expert, or to decide on professional migration, which means the need for its replacement. But in any case, independence, activity, social responsibility and special traits of character are formed.
In the event that professional self-determination has passed successfully enough, most women and men become high-quality specialists who subsequently succeed.
But it is necessary to take into account that with the age of a person will expect:
- aging of the body;
- weakening of its physiological and mental functions (thinking, memory, attention);
- change of living space due to the appearance of young professionals and the departure from the lives of friends and colleagues;
- narrowing the prospects for professional advancement and career.