Psychology and child development in the early years
A child, just born, begins to actively explore the world, to be interested in the objects around it.
By simple manipulations, the kid learns to cope with various objects, playing with them. It is the duty of every parent to help a small family member to get used to this world, to develop it and to get to know child psychology better.
The importance of proper psychological education of the child
Psychology is constantly studying the mental aspects of children's development, and there are many theories about it. All of them are somewhat similar to each other and constitute two large sections: biologizing and sociogisatorial. In the first case, the child is considered from a biological point of view as a person who has certain skills from birth.
Simply put, the adherents of this theory believe that the development of the baby is directly dependent on heredity and nothing can be done about it. From another point of view, the child’s skills, mental abilities depend on the environment in which he is brought up and on what his parents teach him.
In our opinion, these theories are true each in its own way.After all, in an unhealthy environment it is hardly worth waiting for great success from a child, at the same time, heredity also often makes itself felt. Anyway, in real life, the success of their children, their mental and mental development depend on their parents.
Basic rules for parental success
For every self-respecting parent, the main task should not be the education of the child prodigy, but the general development of all the qualities of the child and instilling in him a love of knowledge.
In pursuit of the perfect child, you should start first with yourself. Children always take their cue from their parents, as much as we would like. So you need to get rid of bad habits in everyday life, and not only at the time when you are near.
In addition, it is important to accept that some features of a baby are laid at the genetic level and there is nothing you can do about it. So, if your child is calm and loves to look through books and pictures, then getting him to run around the house for a ball should not try.
Developing the baby, do not overdo it too much. Everything should go on as usual and knowledge should not fall on the small head like snow on the head.The main thing in the learning process is the consistency and maintenance of interest in learning.
After each stage of training, you need to give time to consolidate the knowledge gained in order to understand that the child is doing better and which topics are more interesting to him. It is in the first years of life that the baby receives the bulk of the knowledge and, in the strength of the parents, to determine the capabilities of their children, helping them to develop their capabilities.
Of course, studying new, it is important to give the child a certain freedom of action, to leave the opportunity for amateur, to create an environment in which the child can gain experience and knowledge on their own.
All kinds of educational toys, interesting books, drawing, modeling, and designers will help parents in the process of teaching, developing and raising children. Activities in the park, cycling, dancing, winter sports - all this will have a positive impact not only on the physical, but also on the intellectual development of the baby.
In older age, special attention should be paid to the development of oral speech, the study of letters and numbers. For this perfect nursery rhymes, tongue twisters, songs.
Communication as a tool for education
Of course, the development of children is a complex process and requires the close attention of both parents, but it begins with communication. There are several principles on which communication between an adult and a child is based and on which your continued success in the development of your baby depends.
Perhaps the first number you can put the adoption of the child for what it is. So, often parents make a big mistake, demanding too much from children and giving them love only if they meet certain requirements.
It is unconditional love that helps the baby to feel needed, gives him confidence and the desire to become even better. Even if he was very guilty and received severe punishment, the feeling of parental love will remain.
Unfortunately, in the modern world there are more and more situations when parental love is conditional and the child is accepted only if he meets certain requirements. Such behavior of family members is extremely negative for young people and can lead to disastrous consequences. It is from communication and acceptance of all the qualities of the child, assistance in overcoming difficulties that further success in his personal development depends.