Treat cough quickly and effectively
Mechanisms of cough
In the nasopharynx of each person, there are small glands that continuously release about 2.5 ml of mucus per day. Without it, normal breathing is impossible. If a child or an adult has a fever or an allergic reaction is observed, the mucus becomes thicker and turns into sputum. Being viscous and sticky, it can not be freely removed from the respiratory tract, resulting in clogs the bronchi and interferes with normal breathing.
Trying to get rid of excess mucus, the body provokes the response of the reflex - there is a cough.
If we consider the problem in detail, it can be argued that such a reaction occurs not only due to diseases of the respiratory system. It can cause heart disease, gastrointestinal tract, central nervous system, allergies.
Before you treat the disease at home, you must find out the nature of the disease and the cause of its occurrence. Treatment of the child should take place under the supervision of a physician, especially if these are children who have not yet turned 2 years old.
Types of coughing how to deal with it
All cough medicines are divided into 3 groups:
- mucolytic - thin the sputum;
- contributing to expectoration - they enhance the process of sputum to help the body get rid of mucus;
- soothing - on the contrary, reduce the intensity of cough.
These funds are assigned based on whether the cough is present - dry or wet. The age of the child is also taken into account: in order to cure a baby under 2 years old, very light preparations are prescribed. The whole complex of medicines will help to quickly cure an adult.
"Dry" and "wet" cough differ in the amount of sputum released.
In the first case, it is minimal, which is bad for the patient. Such symptoms are characteristic of bronchitis, pharyngitis, bronchial asthma. With a husky voice and a barking cough, you can talk about laryngitis. It is very dangerous for a child under 2 years old, and therefore it is not recommended to observe it at home - the doctor should control the process.
To cure a dry cough quickly can not - you first need to achieve an expectorant effect or eliminate it altogether. That is, all efforts should be directed towards making expectoration productive, that is, capable of excretion of phlegm.
When cough is wet, it is necessary to pay attention to the color of sputum - it can tell you about the nature of the disease:
- colorless sputum means bronchial asthma;
- yellow-green - bacterial infection;
- rusty color - heart failure;
- purulent sputum - characteristic of bronchopneumonia.
Based on this, the doctor prescribes the best medicines to quickly cure the patient. Funds for a child under 2 years old, a teenager and an adult will differ.
How to treat dry and wet cough?
To quickly cope with the disease, it is necessary to distinguish between ways of dealing with different types of disease.
If the patient suffers from suffocation spasm, complains of chest scratching and asphyxiation, this can be cured with medications that suppress the cough reflex and promote sputum production. Lollipops with sage, Bronholitin and other drugs will be relevant. For the treatment to go quickly, it is imperative to drink a lot: a warm drink enhances the effect of expectorant drugs.
For the treatment of "wet" cough at home, it is necessary to make a solution of sea salt (1 spoon per cup of water). Bury in the nose from 2 to 4 times a day. This tool is suitable for the child, as it moisturizes the nasal passages.
Asking how to quickly cure cough with phlegm, it is worth remembering that all efforts should be directed at its liquefaction, so that the mucus goes away more easily. This is especially important for a child, since his muscles and lungs are less developed than in an adult and it is harder for him to clear his throat. Together with sputum from the respiratory tract removes the decay products of tissues and the inflammatory process.
If coughing is a consequence of a viral infection, antibiotics should not be used. When bronchitis or pneumonia is diagnosed, these drugs are prescribed first.Treatment with grandmother's methods at home is very dangerous for both the child and the adult.
To cure sputum, which leaves hard, prescribe various thinning drugs (Ambroxol, Bromhexine, Lasolvan and others). You need to take them 2-3 times a day in the dosage prescribed by your doctor. They have an anti-inflammatory effect, improve the condition of the bronchi, and help to quickly overcome cough.
Features of the treatment of cough in children
"How to cure children quickly?"- This question worries the majority of parents who are faced with acute respiratory infections. It should be approached responsibly, especially if the child is under 1 year old. In this case, the initiative is criminal - the treatment must necessarily be agreed with the doctor.
If the child is 2 or more years old, inhalation or classic mustard plaster will be an excellent remedy. They will help to quickly alleviate the symptoms and will contribute to the rapid release of sputum. In the case of whooping cough, drugs that soothe the nervous system (Sinekond or Tussamag) will help.
Bronchitis and tracheitis require the appointment of mucolytics for the formation of sputum.After they prescribe expectorants. It is obligatory to drink plenty of warm water: without it, the process runs the risk of dragging on for a long time or becoming complicated by other diseases. If the cough subsides, there is no temperature, you can use hot foot baths.
Topical folk remedies
As a universal remedy, there is the marsh mallow. This plant has softening, enveloping properties, helps reduce irritation and improve sputum discharge. Suitable for the treatment of dry and wet cough.
Excellent help when coughing thyme and oregano, which have expectorant and antimicrobial effects. Black radish juice with honey performed well. Take it to 2 tablespoons before meals and at night.
Folk remedies are many. The main thing is to apply everything wisely and consult with your doctor.