What causes myositis and how to treat it

What causes myositis and how to treat it?

Types of myositis

Myositis is a disease characterized by inflammation in the skeletal muscles. This name is common to a variety of health disorders, which, of course, have different symptoms and nature of the course. In this case, all types of the disease are accompanied by local pain syndrome.It is important to note that the intensity of the discomfort may increase with time. In many ways, the nature of the pain is influenced by the selected treatment and the type of myositis.

So, there are the following main types of the disease:

  • Painful places in myositiscervical;
  • chest myositis;
  • lumbar;
  • myositis of the shoulder muscles;
  • myositis of the masticatory muscles;
  • myositis of the lower and upper extremities.

Cervical disease

It often occurs against the background of hypothermia, draft, work or sleep in an uncomfortable position, stress. Myositis of the neck can affect healthy people. The duration of this disease is several days.Symptoms of myositis of the neck manifest dull pain in the shoulders, neck and cervical vertebrae. The pain intensifies in the process of attempting to turn the head, while the mobility of the vertebrae is not disturbed.

Woman holds hand on sore neckOften the inflammatory process of the neck muscles is one-sided, especially if the condition is caused by hypothermia and being in a draft. Sometimes the pain in this type of disease gives in the area between the shoulder blades. Since the mobility of the vertebrae of the neck is almost unlimited, drug treatment is not required.

Symptoms of myositis of the neck are usually manifested in the morning of the next day after the influence of adverse factors on the body. This is because the muscle fibers are swollen. This leads to reflex spasm and irritation of nerve endings.

Myositis of the loins

Accompanied by pain in this area. He is the second most common after inflammation of the muscles of the neck. Often this type of disease is sluggish in nature. The pain syndrome is not so strong, it has an aching character, and the duration of the disease can be several weeks. When you try to bend the pain increases.

Often patients experience discomfort not only in the muscles, but also in the joints. Especially this symptom is common in metabolic disorders and chronic infections.

Thoracic myositis

Chest painInflammation of the muscles of the chest occurs due to the uncomfortable position of a person during work or weight transfer. At the very beginning of the disease, patients feel a slight spasm, muscle contraction, discomfort, slight numbness. If no action is taken at this stage, the condition will sharply worsen. If you go to the doctor, he will palpate the muscles of the chest - when myositis is felt their tension and density.

In severe cases, redness of the skin, swelling, swelling may appear - such symptoms indicate that the disease is passing into a serious stage, accompanied by a purulent process.

At the same time urgent treatment is required urgently. Inflammation of the chest muscles can be dangerous to life and health.

There are also other classifications of the disease. By the nature of the occurrence of violations are divided into traumatic, toxic, parasitic, infectious and purulent inflammation of the muscles of the neck, lumbar, chest, arms, legs.It is very important to correctly determine the type of disease and its cause in order to prescribe the correct treatment. We recommend self-medicating only if the painful manifestations do not interfere with normal vital activity, and there are no swelling, redness or swelling on the skin.

Causes of the disease

Experts call several causes of the disease. One of them is a complication of a recent respiratory illness. Often such a violation occurs after the flu, tonsillitis. Rheumatism also contributes to the incidence of myositis. One of the most unpleasant reasons for the development of the disease is parasites - the muscles are affected by echinococcus, trichinella or other parasites. Such a cause can cause different types of disorders - myositis of the neck, chest, lumbar.

Low back painToxins have an adverse effect on skeletal muscle. For this reason, doctors believe that harmful substances can provoke inflammation. Also, experts identify among the causes of autoimmune diseases - they disrupt vital processes in the body,affect the work of muscles and many metabolic processes.

High loads and muscle overvoltages are the cause of professional myositis. Most often it affects the muscles of the chest, arms, legs and lumbar region. Of course, it is necessary to treat such a disease.

Dentists, surgeons, professional musicians, drivers, porters, people who constantly work at the computer should be distinguished among the popular professions that can be attributed to the risk group. Very often, young mothers who carry their baby in their arms for hours on end are at risk of getting miosis.

It should be understood that every month the baby gains weight. For this reason, mothers should keep an eye on how much time they have in their hands.

Girl doing warm-up at the tableWe recommend performing disease prevention. To do this, try to warm up in the workplace. You can always find 2 - 3 minutes to do gymnastics, which will protect you from overstressing skeletal muscles. First, mash the cervical spine, then the shoulder girdle. Complete the gymnastics with torso in different directions.This will help to normalize blood flow in the body, relieve tension, fatigue and cheer up a bit. In any case, such measures have a positive impact on health.

Treatment of the disease

Treatment of myositis depends entirely on the nature of the disease, its causes and symptoms. It is very important to provide rest for the muscles affected by the disease. Try to load muscles as little as possible. In some cases, bed rest may be indicated.

If the disease is bacterial in nature, you should contact a qualified doctor who will prescribe an effective antibiotic. A purulent type requires surgical treatment aimed at removing the pus.

Warm scarf around the neckIf you have normal cervical myositis, the cause of which is hypothermia, it is enough to periodically make a light massage that will improve blood circulation. Perfectly help dry warming. If you need to go outside, cover your neck with a scarf so as not to aggravate the condition. Treatment at home leads to the fact that the disease disappears without a trace on the second - third day.

Inflammation of the muscles of the chest, cervical, lower back in a medical institution requires treatment with the help of special procedures: cytapheresis, extracorporeal detoxification.Sometimes the doctor prescribes ultraviolet radiation in an erythemal dose. The course usually consists of 4 - 5 sessions.

Among the effective drugs for the treatment of myositis can distinguish the following drugs:

  • MedicationsDiclofenac;
  • Meloxicam;
  • Ketonal;
  • Finalgon;
  • Apisatron;
  • Nikoflex.

The therapeutic massage, which must be performed by a professional massage therapist with due regard for the specifics of the specific disease, the body of a person and other related health disorders, helps perfectly. It is advisable to take at least 30 massages. It is worth noting that the majority of patients complain of increased pain syndrome during the 5-6 procedure. But improvement gradually comes, and the pain passes.

Myositis is a rather unpleasant disease, which is accompanied by pain. It is an inflammatory process of the skeletal muscles. Each of us has experienced cervical myositis, in which there is pain and sometimes it is impossible to make turns with the head. If the disease is not too severe, treatment can be carried out at home.

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  • What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it

    What causes myositis and how to treat it