What is blu ray

What is blu ray?

If we start talking about the latest news incinema, then gradually it shifts to when the film will be released on the disc. Every movie lover is interested in a quality picture. The blu-ray format discs can contain a huge amount of information. Accordingly, on such a disc you can record a movie in the highest possible quality. Our movie lovers get the opportunity to watch the movie on the disc, almost the same as at the cinema. We will deal with this format. So:

What is blu-ray?

Blu-ray is an optical media format,which is characterized by a special density of data recorded on it, and as we said, including, high-definition video images. An optical media is a disk. This standard was developed in the laboratories of the BDA consortium. Back in 2000, the company introduced the first prototype of such a disk. The final version was presented in January 2006 at the international consumer electronics exhibition Consumer Electronics Show. Without thinking twice, the format was put into production in the spring of the same year.

The blu-ray format disc is recorded and read fromusing a shortwave laser (405 nm). Blu-ray discs are released with a different number of layers. A disk with one layer can hold up to 25 GB. Two layers can hold 50 GB. Three layers - 100GB. Four layers - 128 GB. In late 2008, the Japanese company Pioneer demonstrated discs that consisted of 16 and 20 layers. They can hold up to 500 GB of information. Such figures leave blu-ray out of competition with other formats. In order to use such a disk, a conventional disk drive is not enough. As a rule, specially designed drives are used to use Blu-ray format discs. They are much more powerful than usual, but they can work with other types of disks.

Blu-ray discs also exist in different sizes. Ordinary, that is 12 mm, and mini disks - 8 mm. You can use the mini discs to record a picture on an HD camcorder. They have a capacity of 14 to 15 GB.

As mentioned above, blu-ray discs usefor its recording a special blue laser, which operates at a wavelength of 405 nm. Conventional disks, such as DVD and CD, use red and infrared lasers. The length of their waves, respectively, 650 nm and 780 nm. Reducing the wavelength allowed to significantly reduce the density of data recording, that's the secret of the large amount of information that fits on a Blu-ray disc.

Also, the speed of reading data on the disk differs significantly. Now it is 432 Mbit / s.

Based on the above, we can conclude thatBlu-ray discs are the last word in the fast and dynamically developing market of information carriers. Often, blu-ray format discs replace popular external hard drives. However, until the end it is not clear who will win. An external hard drive has some advantages over a blu-ray disc. Although on a blu-ray disc you can safely store any files that you want. Initially, the format of blu-ray discs was developed to enable the recording, rewriting and playback of high-definition video images. After the success of the technology at various exhibitions, the blu-ray format was recommended for use for a variety of recording data and information, not just for working with video.

Where did the name of blu-ray disks come from? The name was taken from a special violet-bluish color laser, which is used to record or read data from a blu-ray disc. Blu is "blue" (in English "blue"), and ray is a ray. Why BLU without ending "e"? This is not accidental. The fact that the developers could not register the trademark Blue-ray, as there are a lot of such names. In this regard, it was decided that the future format of optical media will be called Blu-ray.

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