What is fucking and how to make them

What is fucking and how to make them?

In modern times, applied art isthe most fascinating hobby for many. Who draws pictures with watercolors, who knits lace patterns from threads, who engages in wood carvings, and someone simply makes paper sashes.

The concept of fading out

The term "vytynanka" was derived from the Ukrainian word "vytynat," which determines the effect of excision.

Paper embossing is one of the directionsnamely the Ukrainian applied decorative art, cutting out on the paper beautiful patterns, ornaments, images, figures, landscapes and other subjects. One of the simplest types of fading is the New Year's snowflake, cut from any paper material.

what is fuckingOn the question of what is the issue, in spite ofthey are widespread, few can answer. Many are doing this art in their spare time, even without knowing about its interesting name and origin.

Especially popular cutting excavation has acquiredin modern times. Today, for the implementation of ideas, you can choose absolutely any paper material, the varieties of which can not be counted on the fingers.

schematic outline

Very many of what is fucking (photo below), learn only after visiting the exhibitions of applied art.

By this beauty you can not pass.

Historical past

What is the patchwork and where are they from? The first samples of this art were made in China during the appearance of paper as such and the first primitive scissors. Since the paper was an expensive and rare material, animal skins, dried leaves of plants, wood, dishes were used as the basis for carving in Ukraine. Paper vytynanki spread to Ukraine only in the middle of the nineteenth century. Their main purpose was to decorate village houses.

The nineteenth-twentieth centuryare distinguished by high artistic skill. In each isolated region and in different strata of the population, the most beautiful works acquired individual features of the presentation of material, form, technical dexterity, a sense of rhythm, proportions, silhouettes, richness of ornament.

The purpose of modern design

Knowing what the fads are, very many mastersfind their most unusual purpose. They decorate handicrafts, greeting cards, photo albums and photo frames, shelves in the kitchen, large fronts are used as paper decorative curtains for windows, paper tablecloths for tables, they make the most beautiful paintings and wall panels, they are used as a stencil for inscriptions or for applying to another a surface of ornaments and patterns, with the help of stitches paint facades of modern houses.

Tools and material for the execution of the fraying

For clever work on the manufacture of originalbeautiful open-work patterns professional masters of the utterance use the tool of their ancestors - incisors. Modern craftsmen of applied crafts prefer industrial special sets, which include a thick rug, often wooden, several kinds of sharp scalpels, stationery knives with various sizes of blades, scissors, spare blades, a metal ruler.

As a basis for vytynanka taken paper of differentdensity and dimension. Everything depends on the master's fantasy. You can cut out on xerox, white, colored paper, cardboard, corrugated sheets, wallpaper. It is possible to carry out not only pies on paper, but also to use for this purpose wooden bases, clay, stone, metal or fabric.

Variants of registration of works executed by technique of drawing

Depending on the technology used andThe artistic style of the vytynanka are classified into the following types: openwork - such types of products are made from a sheet of paper, the image is contained in slits; silhouette, in which the image is the silhouette of a tree, a man, and the like.

Depending on the complexity of the manufacturing processvytynanki divided into simple single, performed on a single sheet of paper, and complex application color - on several sheets of multi-colored material.

Depending on the technique and methodImage feeds complex outlets are divided into coherent ones (large-scale products, the integrated image of which is made of several elements folded in succession, make up a harmonious ornament) and overheads that are stacked on each other by a hill.

The shape of the water can be varied -oval, square, round, triangular or rectangular, often there are works in which there is a uniform uniform variety that creates a complex structure of the product.

Depending on the subjects cut out on paper,distinguish the following groups of stilts: figurines - the canvas depicts the silhouettes of birds, riders, dolls, natural contour elements; rosettes - openwork type of execution, composed of stars, rhombs, suns, squares; trees - represent parts of trees - branches, trunks, crowns with the presence of additional elements - berries, fruits, birds; ribbons - an image of various one-sided or two-sided ornaments; wallpaper - free filling of the canvas with beautiful patterns; firanki - complex ribbon outposts; tsatsanka - works with a pronounced decorative and thematic character; Exhibition copies - made specially for participation in exhibitions of polygraphic production.

Tips for Choosing a Pattern Template

Realizing that such a fray, manypredisposed to fantasy people tend to learn as much as possible about the technique of performing work and product templates. There are a lot of such. An attractive outline (the schemes of the examples are shown in the photo below) are performed on the basis of a variety of pictures printed on paper by any type of writing object (marker, marker, pen, pencil). The complexity of the drawing depends on the skill of the manufacturer of the work.

paper sashesVytynanka, whose schemes were invented by himselfmaster, it turns out to be original and not repeatable in any detail of the plot, such works often fall on the exhibition. The more imagination to show when composing a template, the more refined the result is.

outlines on circuit paperVery many needleworkers, of course, usestandard examples of carving on paper in the technique of "fretwork", the schemes of which draw from various sources. An excellent variant of the template for the embossing is an embroidery pattern for embroidery with a smooth surface.

what is a picture of a photoVarious patterns of paper fade out (schemes- as they are called professionals) can be taken from beautifully illustrated books. Cut on paper you can all sorts of details - and large, and small, special sharpened scalpel copes with any piece of various kinds of basic material.

Professional masters are most oftencomplex story compositions, but for beginners in this case it is worthwhile to begin learning the art of finesse with simple simple ornaments and landscape images.

How to make a stencil outfit?

Paper outlets - schemes for creating a drawingand on other bases (wood, metal, stone). Not always a flat surface is taken as a basis, ornaments are cut out on cylindrical shapes, spherical and oval spheres. Outset stencils in this case help to smoothly and beautifully apply a pattern to perform symmetrical work.

The stencil is made by the method of cutting out the necessary figured holes on paper.

stencilling out stencils

How can I apply a stencil?

Any template (scheme) of the outline can be used as a stencil. What can you do with the so-called template templates?

Yes, anything: to put drawing on a paper, a fabric, walls paints, receiving as a result the beautiful art murals, on utensils - plates, jugs, cups, glasses, vases, plafonds of lighting fixtures - chandeliers, sconces; decorate fences with ornaments, using one standard pattern of some pattern; apply in the carving of paintings on wood and drawing them on metal.

Window fittings for windows

Very interesting and most extraordinary optionis printed on newsprint paper. This practical method has pushed so many craftsmen to this kind of thread on paper, like doing paper curtains that can be used instead of blinds.

The canvas of the newspaper is large, it can be folded in several layers and create examples of original ornaments and plots that can later be repeated on clean beautiful paper.

Vytynanki on the windows look very original and fun.

Tips for Beginners

While admiring the beautiful works executed in the style of the vytynanki, there is a desire to do something similar with your own hands. Where do begin a beginner?

First, you need to purchase a speciala set of tools, because the usual scissors, which are cut in the house all and in a row, it is unlikely to do a beautiful job. The paper should be cut clearly along the line. Very many small parts require the use of scalpels for carving on paper.

Secondly, to pick up a very simple templatethe future of the product, determine what details of it will be cut out, chart them with a pencil so that you do not accidentally cut out the detail of the main drawing pattern.

cut out

Thirdly, it is necessary to choose the basis on which the ready-made solution will be pasted. This can be cardboard or velvet paper, or a cloth woven base.

Fourth, assess their perseverance, because the work requires attention and concentration.

Fifth, to start working, you should choose a standard white xerographic paper that is easier to cut than corrugated paper or cardboard.



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