When will Comrade Stalin send us into battle: an unknown four-day war

"When Comrade Stalin Will Send Us into Battle": Unknown Four-Day War

In 1941, Iran formally respected neutrality, but unequivocally sympathized with the Nazis. At key posts were many subjects of the Reich. And Iranian street, under the strict guidance of the Germans, who controlled the education sector, selflessly signed, led by the heir to the throne, and waited for the guys in the fieldgraf to pass through the Nile and the Caucasus.

At the same time, an excellent route could be laid through Iran for lend-lease supplies to the USSR. But he had to be protected from German saboteurs, local amateurs, and just brigands. The British were also concerned about the safety of the facilities of the Anglo-Persian oil company.

Moscow and London sent the shah notes demanding to send all Germans. Notes Shah rejected, in Tehran, began "spontaneous" pro-German riots. It became clear that the good will not work.

The Iranian army consisted of 9 divisions with ancient tanks and archaic aircraft. Its main tasks were gendarmes: shooting the enemies of the regime and hanging brazen feudal lords. The Shah Command launched 6 divisions against British Iraq, covering the oil fields, and 3 on the Soviet border.

The 16 Soviet divisions deployed against Iran in the Caucasus and Central Asia had a thousand T-26s and many armored cars. They were motorized and had mountain gear. There is an opinion that this grouping was created in case of a war that had just begun with the Anglo-French coalition, which had already prepared airplanes for the bombing of Baku in 1940, but history decided otherwise. The British were preparing to attack from Iraq by the forces of two Indian divisions and a brigade, British tank and cavalry brigades.

August 25, Soviet and British troops crossed the borders of Iran, bombers struck massive strikes at military targets. Shah demanded an explanation. Ambassadors calmly replied that it was necessary to expel the Nazis on time and less to sign. Pahlavi rushed to the United States - but Roosevelt only philosophically expressed the hope that Moscow and London wouldn’t sip anything geopolitically tasty from Iran.

First of all, the British let down on the bottom two sloops, due to a misunderstanding, considered to be the Iranian fleet. The royal marines and paratroopers collapsed on the coast of the Persian Gulf in order to seize the refinery in Abadan and the Khuzestan oil fields intact. But the Iranian troops, with the help of the insurgent local residents, managed to temporarily repel the city, at the same time cutting out the plant’s employees from among the British and Indians. By the end of August 26, the British forced the Persians to retreat north to Ahwaz, the provincial capital. There began positional battles, which lasted until August 29.

To the north, the Indians, with the support of the British tank brigade, moved from Baghdad to the Kurdistan oil fields, methodically knocking down the infantry of two Iranian divisions from passes. The truce found this group 3 kilometers from Kermanshah. Both British columns passed a little more than 100 kilometers, taking control of the entire oil industry of Iran along the way.

Soviet troops in the north were moving in an avalanche of steel like in prewar propaganda films. The commander of one of the Iranian divisions was so impressed with this spectacle that he screamed “we will all die!” And requisitioned supply vehicles to take out his vases and carpets.In a day and a little, the Red Army defeated two Iranian divisions, occupied the whole of South Azerbaijan and continued the offensive.

The Caspian division, meanwhile, landed landings in coastal cities. But in the largest Iranian port of Pahlavi, the ships approaching the coast with a landing force came under heavy fire from guns and anti-aircraft guns, and the fairway was blocked by submerged ships. Landing troops and failed. Only on August 28, after air strikes, Pahlavi was taken by mechanized units from land. On the same day, Mashhad fell - the largest city of Iran near the borders of the Turkmen SSR. The organized resistance of the Iranian troops in the north has ceased. The Soviet armies unceasingly marched on Tehran.

In the capital, panic began, intensified by the bombings and deserters flooding the city, telling horrors about the terrible Russian Communists. The generals began secret negotiations on the surrender of the country to the British. The commander of the armed forces for such diplomacy, the shah personally beat him with a cane, cut off his shoulder straps and nearly shot him. On August 29, Pahlavi ordered his troops to cease resistance. The tanks of the Red Army stopped 125 kilometers from Tehran.

Moscow and London demanded no longer the expulsion of all Germans, but the extradition of them to their security agencies. Shah refused. On September 16, Soviet troops marched on Tehran and the next day took the capital.

The country was divided into two zones of occupation. Shah was arrested by the British and sent to South Africa, where for some reason he died three years later. A new Shah appointed an heir to the throne, Mohammed Reza Pahlavi, strictly forbidding him to sign and listen to the Fuhrer. An endless stream of cargo flowed through Iran. Otto Skorzeny’s attempt to sabotage in the “Iranian corridor” ended with the fact that the local tribes took away all the gold from the abandoned SS saboteurs, and the SS men themselves were given to the British. As a result, between a quarter and a third of all cargoes delivered by Lend-Lease to the USSR passed through Iran to the USSR without any special interference.

The cost of the operation, according to official figures, were 40 dead Soviet soldiers, 22 Britons and Indians and more than a thousand Iranians.

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  • When will Comrade Stalin send us into battle: an unknown four-day war

    When will Comrade Stalin send us into battle: an unknown four-day war

    When will Comrade Stalin send us into battle: an unknown four-day war

    When will Comrade Stalin send us into battle: an unknown four-day war

    When will Comrade Stalin send us into battle: an unknown four-day war

    When will Comrade Stalin send us into battle: an unknown four-day war

    When will Comrade Stalin send us into battle: an unknown four-day war

    When will Comrade Stalin send us into battle: an unknown four-day war

    When will Comrade Stalin send us into battle: an unknown four-day war

    When will Comrade Stalin send us into battle: an unknown four-day war

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