Who was the first king?
We have been used since childhood to call Russian rulerskings, but rarely think about where this word came from and when it first became used in Russia. Meanwhile, the question of who was the first Russian Tsar, is not as simple as it seems. Obviously, such an important title could only be worn by a ruler who united the whole country under his authority. The Grand Dukes of the Moscow kingdom, in terms of their political status, differed little from European princes and dukes.
The word "king" is the Slavic abbreviation of the title"Caesar", which was worn by Roman and Byzantine emperors. Who was the first Russian Tsar? The first Russian ruler, "tried on" the king's title, was Ivan III the Great, who considered himself the successor to the fallen Byzantine Empire.
The event that affected the appearance of the Russian "tsar" was the overthrow of the Tatar-Mongol yoke, which also occurred under Ivan III.
In addition, to be called a king, it was necessarylearn to live "in a royal way." Ivan III put a lot of effort into this. He surrounded himself with imperial luxury, introduced new palace rituals and radically changed his whole way of life. He even called himself more solemnly - John.
And yet, although the word "king" slipped indiplomatic correspondence of John III, the official title of the case never came. The first Russian tsar from the formal point of view was his grandson - Ivan IV (he also Ivan Vasilyevich Grozny). Having reached adulthood, Ivan the Terrible was crowned in the kingdom and began to wear the proud title of Tsar of All Russia. This happened on January 16, 1547.
The royal title allowed Ivan the Terrible to stand on an equal footing with European monarchs and be an unlimited autocrat in his state.